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ਅ (airhaa) aa

oorhaa airhaa eerhee sassaa haahaa
kakkaa khakhkhaa gaggaa ghaggaa nganngaa
chachchaa chhachhchhaa jajjaa jhajjaa njannjaa
tainkaa thaththaa daddaa dhaddaa nhaanhaa
tattaa thaththaa daddaa dhaddaa nannaa
pappaa phaphphaa babbaa bhabbaa mammaa
yayyaa raaraa lallaa vavvaa rhaarhaa
shashashaa khhakhhkhha ghagghaa zazzaa faffaa


ਅ - ਅੜਾ - airhaa - Second letter of the Gurmukhi alphabet.

Name: airhaa


Spelling: ਅੜਾ

Sound: 'a' as the 'a' in 'pentagon' - see note*.

Type: Vowel

*Note: Being a vowel, it can take on a number of sounds:

• ਅ - (very) short 'a' like the 'a' in 'pentagon';

• ਆ - long 'a' like the 'a' in 'car';

• ਐ - cross-between: 'a' like the 'a' in 'cat' and the 'e' in 'pet' - a bit like the 'ae' in 'aeroplane';

• •ਔ - long 'au' like the 'au' in 'Paul';

Note that the ਅ sound is the default sound that occurs after each of the consonant sounds of the alphabet when it appears in a word, (except the last consonant of the word which doesn't have the 'a' sound), therefore, each consonant is effectively a syllable.

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