The Saranda is a unique instrument, which originated amongst the Sikhs, designed, created and also played by the Fifth Sikh Guru, Guru Arjan Sahib Ji. He instructed his followers to practice and share the singing of sacred shabads with these instruments to elevate the soul to merge with the Creator.
Guru Arjan blessed us with this instrument which has similar looking siblings known as sirinda, sarinda, qechak, gaychak, nepali sarangi and many more which are still used in Pakistan from Sindh to Baluchistan, in Afghanistan from Kabul to Kandahar and Iran to play regional folk music. It is important to note that the instrument used in these areas for folk music is NOT the same as the Sikh Saranda used for singing Kirtan. The size, wood, structure and strings used for both types of instruments are significantly different and one should not be confused with the other.
Technical Specification of Saranda:
1. Wood: Indian Tunn, it is close to Red Cedar
2. Strings: Natural Gut strings
3. Skin: Goat Skin
4. Bridge: Traditionally made from ivory or bone, now it is more commonly made from rosewood